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Female Genital Mutilation

What is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful traditional practice that involves the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia. The WHO classifies FGM into 4 types:

  • Type 1: Ranges from the partial or total removal of the clitoris (clitoridectomy)
  • Type 2: The removal of the clitoris, the cutting of the labia minora and majora (excision)
  • Type 3: The removal of all external genitalia and the stitching together of the two sides of the vulva (infibulation)
  • Type 4: All other medically unnecessary procedures involving the female genitalia like pricking, piercing, incising, scraping, cauterization etc.



causes lifelong medical and psychological harm and in some cases immediate death from hemorrhage or infection.


women and girls

have undergone FGM around the world.


Launched in 2017, Frontline Women's Fund’s Efua Dorkenoo Fund to End Female Genital Mutilation supports front line women’s rights activists who have a long and proven track record of success in advocating for an end to FGM. From empowering girls, educating communities, advocating for policy reform, providing shelter, and working for legal reform and law enforcement, these activists have laid the groundwork to end FGM. They simply need the resources to scale up their work, based on decades of experience during which great progress has been made to end this harmful traditional practice. The Efua Dorkenoo Fund to End FGM currently has 5 grantees from Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Kenya, Sierra Leone and Somalia.

Efua Dorkenoo (1949-2014), shown here with Meryl Streep and Gloria Steinem

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“Rather than righteous indignation, what is urgently needed is understanding the problem and the practical support to change it.”

| Efua Dorkenoo, Women's rights activist who pioneered the global movement to end female genital mutilation

Our grantees

Get to know our hardworking grantees who are each doing their part to end female genital mutilation across the globe. We proudly support these organizations and their missions. Donations that go directly to these organizations can be made on their individual partner page.


Tasaru Ntomonok Initiative's mission is to initiate positive behaviour and attitudinal change towards women. TNI was founded by Agnes Pareyio in September 1999.


Galkayo Education Center For Peace And Development seeks to empower women through education, promoting and strengthening women’s capacity to seek, defend, and advocate for their fundamental rights.


The Gambia Committee on Traditional Practices (GAMCOTRAP) is a grassroots organization formed in 1984 committed to the promotion and protection of women and girls’ political, social, sexual, reproductive health and educational rights.

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AIM is an independent organization formed in 2000 to prevent and eliminate FGM in Sierra Leone. AIM also works to end forced marriage and sexual violence.

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Voix de Femmes

Voix de Femmes is a non-governmental organization in Burkina Faso that fights for women's rights in the legal, economic, socio-cultural and political fields. Issues they work on include FGM, reproductive rights and HIV/AIDS prevention.

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